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Bangladesh

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People's Republic of Bangladesh
  • গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ (Bengali)
  • Gôṇoprojātôntrī Bāṅglādesh
Flag of Bangladesh
Flag
Jata of Bangladesh
Jata
Anthem: আমার সোনার বাংলা
Amar Shonar Bangla
"My Golden Bengal"
March: নতুনের গান
Notuner Gaan
"The Song of Youth"[1]
Slogan: জয় বাংলা
Joy Bangla
"Victory to Bengal"[2][3]
Official Seal of the Government of Bangladesh
  • Seal of the Government of Bangladesh
Capital
and largest city
Dhaka
23°45′50″N 90°23′20″E / 23.76389°N 90.38889°E / 23.76389; 90.38889
Official language
and national language
Bengali[4][5]
Minority languages
Ethnic groups
(2022[12])
98.2–99% Bengali
Ugama
Demonym(s)Bangladeshi
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
• President
Mohammed Shahabuddin
Sheikh Hasina
Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury
Obaidul Hassan
LegislatureJatiya Sangsad
Independence 
26 March 1971
• Victory
16 December 1971
16 December 1972
Area
• Total
148,460[17] km2 (57,320 sq mi) (92nd)
• Water (%)
6.4
• Land area
130,170 km2[17]
• Water area
18,290 km2[17]
Population
• 2022 census
169,828,911[18][19] (8th)
• Density
1,165/km2 (3,017.3/sq mi) (12th)
GDP (PPP)2024 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.617 trillion[20] (25th)
• Per capita
Increase $9,399[21] (126th)
GDP (nominal)2024 estimate
• Total
Increase $469.346 billion[22] (34th)
• Per capita
Increase $2,728[23] (137th)
Gini (2022)Negative increase 49.9[24]
high
HDI (2021)Increase 0.661[25]
medium · 129th
CurrencyTaka () (BDT)
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+880
ISO 3166 codeBD
Internet TLD.bd
.বাংলা

Bangladesh (Boros Benggali: বাংলাদেশ) toi ko' ngaran di poihimagon nopo nga Republik Rakyat Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ, Gônoprojatontri Bangladesh) nopo nga iso pogun id sampaping koibutan rahat tanak benua India rantau Asia Selatan miwolit do India id kotonobon, koibutan om kosilahon miampai Myanmar id sampaping tenggara pointoguang do Teluk Belangga id sampaping kabaatan. Miampai do Bengal kotonobon id India, Bangladesh nopo nga kiharo piipiro koiyonon etnik om linguistik Bengal, Ibu negara om kakadayan tagayo id Bangladesh nopo nga Dhaka.

Pinatatap do Pembahagian India o wolit Bangladesh ontok toun 1947 ontok di nosiliu pogun diti do talad kosilahon Pakistan (Pakistan Timur) i pinitongkiad mantad talad kotonobon kisinodu 1,600 kilometer (1,000 batu). Sundung kiwaa agama di miagal, nosubuanan o ga'ang etnik om linguistik montok koduo-duo talad do iso koporintaan id Pakistan Barat di kikowoyowoyoo' au opuou. Gama diti, nakagabas o Bangladesh ontok toun 1971 kalapas pisangadan kiraha i sinokodung do India. Montok toun-toun dumontol, natandaan o kagabasan dii miampai kakasahon politik mantad hopod om tolu luguan koporintaan di mogisuusuai, om nogi apat pagahawan kuasa tentera.

  1. "National Symbols→National march". Bangladesh Tourism Board. Ministry of Civil Aviation & Tourism. Archived from the original on 28 December 2016. Linoyog ontok 21 February 2015. In 13 January 1972, the ministry of Bangladesh has adopted this song as a national marching song on its first meeting after the country's independence.
  2. "'Joy Bangla' to be national slogan: HC". Daily Prothom Alo. 10 March 2020. Archived from the original on 11 March 2020. Linoyog ontok 10 March 2020.
  3. "HC orders govt to announce 'Joy Bangla' as national slogan in three months". bdnews24.com. 10 March 2020. Archived from the original on 30 June 2021. Linoyog ontok 10 March 2020.
  4. "The Constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh". Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs. Archived from the original on 10 November 2019. Linoyog ontok 1 February 2017.
  5. "বাংলা ভাষা প্রচলন আইন, ১৯৮৭" [Bengali Language Implementation Act, 1987]. bdlaws.minlaw.gov.bd (id boros Bengali). Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs. Linoyog ontok 7 January 2024.
  6. Mintu Deshwara, Pinaki Roy (21 February 2021). "The last of the Kharia speakers". The Daily Star. Linoyog ontok 2 January 2024. After our death, nobody will speak this language [Kharia]. I tried to teach the language to the younger people but they do not show interest and laugh at me when I speak in Kharia.
  7. Jengcham, Subhas (2012). "Bonaz". In Islam, Sirajul; Miah, Sajahan; Khanam, Mahfuza; Ahmed, Sabbir (eds.). Banglapedia: the National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Online ed.). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Banglapedia Trust, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. OCLC 52727562. OL 30677644M. Linoyog ontok 18 Madas 2024.
  8. "Telugu people's permanent rehabilitation demanded". New Age. Dhaka. 17 February 2023. Linoyog ontok 7 January 2024.
  9. Shahabuddin, Mohammad (24 October 2021). ঢাকাইয়া সোব্বাসি ও তাদের ভাষা [Dhakaiya Sobbasi and their language]. Prothom Alo (id boros Bengali). Linoyog ontok 28 September 2022.
  10. "Vote for 'stranded Pakistanis'". BBC News. 6 May 2003. Linoyog ontok 26 April 2015.
  11. "Bangladesh". Ethnologue. Linoyog ontok 7 January 2024.
  12. "Ethnic population in 2022 census: Real picture not reflected". The Daily Star. 9 August 2022. Archived from the original on 9 August 2022. Linoyog ontok 11 August 2022.
  13. "Census data confirm decline of Bangladesh's religious minorities". www.asianews.it.
  14. The Constitution of the People‌‌‍'s Republic of Bangladesh ( ACT NO. OF 1972 ). (n.d.). In Bangladesh. Retrieved June 13, 2023, from http://bdlaws.minlaw.gov.bd/act-367/section-24549.html Archived 17 Milatok 2021 at the Wayback Machine
  15. "Population of minority religions decrease further in Bangladesh". The Business Standard. 27 July 2022.
  16. "Census 2022: Bangladesh population now 165 million". 27 July 2022. Archived from the original on 27 July 2022. Linoyog ontok 28 July 2022.
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 "Bangladesh". The World Factbook (2024 ed.). Central Intelligence Agency. Linoyog ontok 13 November 2021. (Archived 2021 edition)
  18. "Population and Housing Census 2022: Post Enumeration Check (PEC) Adjusted Population" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. 18 April 2023. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 May 2023. Linoyog ontok 30 May 2023.
  19. https://www.dhakatribune.com/bangladesh/332419/report-68%25-bangladeshis-live-in-villages
  20. "Download World Economic Outlook database: April 2023". International Monetary Fund - IMF. Archived from the original on 4 December 2023. Linoyog ontok 4 December 2023.
  21. "Download World Economic Outlook database: April 2023". International Monetary Fund - IMF. Archived from the original on 4 December 2023. Linoyog ontok 4 December 2023.
  22. "Download World Economic Outlook database: April 2023". International Monetary Fund - IMF. IMF. Archived from the original on 4 December 2023. Linoyog ontok 4 December 2023.
  23. "Download World Economic Outlook database: April 2023". IMF. Archived from the original on 4 December 2023. Linoyog ontok 4 December 2023.
  24. "KEY FINDINGS HIES 2022" (PDF) (Press release) (id boros Inggeris). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. p. 15. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 May 2023. Linoyog ontok 13 April 2023.
  25. "Human Development Report 2021/2022" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 8 September 2022. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 October 2022. Linoyog ontok 8 September 2022.