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Iran

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Islamic Republic of Iran
جمهوری اسلامی ایران (Persian)
Jomhuri-ye Eslâmi-ye Irân
Flag of Iran
Flag
Emblem of Iran
Emblem
Motto: استقلال، آزادی، جمهوری اسلامی
Esteqlâl, Âzâdi, Jomhuri-ye Eslâmi
"Independence, freedom, the Islamic Republic"
(De facto)[1]
Anthem: سرود ملی جمهوری اسلامی ایران
Sorud-e Melli-ye Jomhuri-ye Eslâmi-ye Irân
"National Anthem of the Islamic Republic of Iran"
Capital
and largest city
Tehran
35°41′N 51°25′E / 35.683°N 51.417°E / 35.683; 51.417
Official languagesPersian
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups
(2003 estimate)[5]
Demonym(s)Iranian
GovernmentUnitary presidential theocratic Islamic republic
Ali Khamenei
• President
Ebrahim Raisi
Mohammad Mokhber
Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf
Gholam-Hossein Mohseni-Eje'i
Ahmad Jannati
LegislatureIslamic Consultative Assembly
Establishment history
c. 3200 BC
c. 678 BC
550 BC
247 BC
224 AD
821
1501
1736
1751
1796
15 Momuhau 1925
11 Mansak 1979
3 Momuhau 1979
28 Madas 1989
Area
• Total
1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi) (17th)
• Water (%)
1.63 (as of 2015)[6]
Population
• 2024 estimate
Neutral increase 89,705,600[7] (17th)
• Density
55/km2 (142.4/sq mi) (132nd)
GDP (PPP)2024 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.855 trillion[8] (19th)
• Per capita
Increase $21,220[8] (78th)
GDP (nominal)2024 estimate
• Total
Increase $464,181 billion[8] (34th)
• Per capita
Increase $5,310[8] (113th)
Gini (2019)40.9[9]
medium
HDI (2022)Increase 0.780[10]
high · 78th
CurrencyIranian rial (Templat:Nq) (IRR)
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
Date formatyyyy/mm/dd (SH)
Driving sideright
Calling code+98
ISO 3166 codeIR
Internet TLD

Iran toi ko' ngaran di poimbantug nopo nga Republik Islam Iran (Parsi: جمهوری اسلامی ايران, Jomhuriye Eslamiye Iran), oilaan nogi sabaagi Parsi id pogun-pogun kotonobon, iso pogun id Asia Kotonobon. Pogun diti nopo nga miwolit do Armenia, Azerbaijian om Turkmenistan id koibutan, Pakistan om Afghanistan id kosilahon , om Turki om Iraq (wolit Kurdistan) id kotonobon. Iran nogi nga miilang do Teluk Parsi miampai Kuwait, Iraq, Arab Saudi, Bahrain, Oman, Qatar om nogi Emiriah Arab Bersatu. Kotumbayan poimbantug nopo nga Islam Syiah om boros poimbantug nopo nga Boros Parsi.

  1. Jeroen Temperman (2010). State-Religion Relationships and Human Rights Law: Towards a Right to Religiously Neutral Governance. Brill. pp. 87–. ISBN 978-90-04-18148-9. Archived from the original on 10 Ngiop 2023. Linoyog ontok 20 Mahas 2015. The official motto of Iran is [the] Takbir ('God is the Greatest' or 'God is Great'). Transliteration Allahu Akbar. As referred to in art. 18 of the constitution of Iran (1979). The De facto motto however is: 'Independence, freedom, the Islamic Republic.Templat:'-
  2. "Iran – Languages". Encyclopedia Britannica (id boros Inggeris). Archived from the original on 5 Mikat 2020. Linoyog ontok 9 Milatok 2020.
  3. Ralat maganu:Tag <ref> tidak sah; tiada teks disediakan bagi rujukan yang bernama AO
  4. Ralat maganu:Tag <ref> tidak sah; tiada teks disediakan bagi rujukan yang bernama CIA
  5. Tohidi 2009, p. 300.
  6. "Surface water and surface water change". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Archived from the original on 24 Gomot 2021. Linoyog ontok 11 Gumas 2020.
  7. "Iran Population (2024) - Worldometer".
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2024 Edition. (Iran)". International Monetary Fund. Linoyog ontok 20 Ngiop 2024.
  9. "Gini index". World Bank. Archived from the original on 21 Madas 2019. Linoyog ontok 13 Milatok 2023.
  10. "Human Development Report 2023/24" (PDF) (id boros Inggeris). United Nations Development Programme. 13 Gomot 2024. p. 289. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 Gomot 2024. Linoyog ontok 13 Gomot 2024.