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Iraq

Mantad Wikipedia
Republic of Iraq
  • جُمْهُورِيَّة ٱلْعِرَاق (Arabic)
    Jumhūriyyat al-ʿIrāq
  • کۆماری عێراق (Kurdish)
    Komarî Êraq[1]
Flag of Iraq
Flag
Coat of arms of Iraq
Coat of arms
Anthem: موطني
Mawṭinī
"My Homeland"
Location of Iraq
Capital
and largest city
Baghdad
33°20′N 44°23′E / 33.333°N 44.383°E / 33.333; 44.383
Official languages
  • Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups
(1987)[3]
Demonym(s)Iraqi
GovernmentFederal parliamentary republic
• President
Abdul Latif Rashid
Mohammed Shia' Al Sudani
LegislatureCouncil of Representatives
Independence 
3 Gumas 1932
14 Madas 1958
15 Gumas 2005
Area
• Total
438,317 km2 (169,235 sq mi) (58th)
• Water (%)
4.62 (as of 2015)[4]
Population
• 2024 estimate
Neutral increase 46,729,000[5] (31th)
• Density
82.7/km2 (214.2/sq mi) (125th)
GDP (PPP)2023 estimate
• Total
Increase $508.973 billion[6] (48th)
• Per capita
Decrease $11,742[6] (114th)
GDP (nominal)2023 estimate
• Total
Decrease $254.993 billion[6] (47th)
• Per capita
Decrease $5,882[6] (111th)
Gini (2012)29.5[7]
low
HDI (2021)Increase 0.686[8]
medium · 121st
CurrencyIraqi dinar (IQD)
Time zoneUTC+3 (AST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+964
ISO 3166 codeIQ
Internet TLD

Iran (Boros Arab العراق al-‘Irāq atau al-Erāq,), Boros Kurdish عيَراق), ii poimbantug nopo nga Republik Iraq, iso pogun kosilahon tanga id Asia Barat-Daya ii kahangkum do kogumuan Mesopotamia, om kahangkum do kotonobon rahat konuluan Zagros om boogian kosilahon mantad Padang Pasir Syria. Ii miilang do wolit miampai Kuwait om Arab Saudia gisom id kabaatan, Jordan id kotonobon, Syria id kotonobon rahat, Turki id koibutan om Iran (Kurdistan Wilayah)(Parsi) id kosilahon. Haro boogian ii okikip id disan rahat id Umm Qasr id Teluk Parsi.

  1. "دەستووری کۆماری عێراق" (id boros Kurdish). Parliament of Iraq. Linoyog ontok 15 October 2008.
  2. "Iraq, Ministry of Interior – General Directorate for Nationality: Iraqi Constitution (2005)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2011.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Ralat maganu:Tag <ref> tidak sah; tiada teks disediakan bagi rujukan yang bernama cia
  4. "Surface water and surface water change". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Linoyog ontok 11 October 2020.
  5. "وزارة التخطيط، تُصدر بيانا لمناسبة اليوم العالمي للسكان" [Ministry of Planning issues statement on World Population Day]. Ministry of Planning (Iraq) (id boros Arab). 1 April 2024. Linoyog ontok 1 April 2024.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2023 Edition. (Iraq)". IMF.org. International Monetary Fund. 10 October 2023. Linoyog ontok 12 October 2023.
  7. "Gini Index - Iraq". World Bank. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Linoyog ontok 9 October 2022.
  8. "Human Development Report 2021/2022" (PDF) (id boros Inggeris). United Nations Development Programme. 8 September 2022. Linoyog ontok 9 October 2022.